What are the pregnancy risks in patients with hepatitis C (Hep C)?

Updated: Apr 02, 2020
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Answer

Transmission from mother to child in utero relates to HIV/HBV co-infection and density of viral infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV). While particle density of HCV infection of approximately 100 particles per milliliter produced no vertical transmission to the baby, 1 million HCV particles per milliliter resulted in a transmission rate of 36%. [86] Overall, transmission to babies was 6% in mothers who were HCV-antibody positive and 10% in mothers who were HCV-RNA positive.


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