What are the signs and symptoms of antiphospholipid syndrome in chronic hepatitis C (CHC)?

Updated: Apr 02, 2020
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Antiphospholipid syndrome

This is a serious multisystemic illness resulting from pathologic production of the antiphospholipids anticardiolipin and lupus anticoagulant. These IgG molecules (sometimes IgM or immunoglobulin A [IgA] in less severe variants) bind to platelets, vascular endothelium, beta-2 lipoproteins, prothrombin, and other phospholipids. The resultant pathologic processes depend on the locale of the process. Severe coagulopathies in the eye, the brain, the kidney, and large vessels result in symptomatology referable to vascular destruction or bleeding in these organs.

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