Which bacterial infections are associated with cutaneous manifestations of HIV disease?

Updated: Mar 26, 2021
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Impetigo and folliculitis may be recurrent and persistent in HIV disease, particularly in children. Disseminated furunculosis, gingivitis, gangrenous stomatitis, and abscess formation can occur in patients with HIV infection. Bacillary angiomatosis, which is caused by Bartonella henselae and rarely by Bartonella quintana, usually manifests as red papules and nodules. [36] . Antiretroviral therapy may be complicated by bacillary angiomatosis from B quintana as an immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome and a Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction. [37]

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