What are the cutaneous manifestations of superficial fungal infections in HIV disease?

Updated: Mar 26, 2021
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Recurrent and persistent mucocutaneous candidiasis is common in patients with HIV infection. In the United States, recurrent vaginal candidiasis is the most common presentation of HIV infection in women.

In adults, generalized dermatophytosis, or tinea capitis, which is typically caused by Trichophyton rubrum, may suggest HIV infection. Bournerias et al reported tinea capitis from Microsporum canis in 2 patients infected with HIV. [31]

Pityriasis versicolor may be persistent and recurrent in patients with HIV infection.

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