What are complications of herpes zoster in children?

Updated: Jan 25, 2019
  • Author: Camila K Janniger, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Answer

Severe herpes zoster after varicella vaccination in immunocompetent young children as a rare complication has been described, with these children at low risk of developing meningoencephalitis. [71] In children, VZV infection may produce a facial palsy [72] ; it may also result in zoster sine herpete, doing so more frequently in children than adults. Ramsay Hunt syndrome (herpes zoster oticus) tends to be found more often in school-aged children, whereas zoster sine herpete is more likely to be found in preschool children.

Childhood varicella zoster virus infections have been linked with an increased risk of arterial ischemic stroke and may precipitate a childhood arterial ischemic stroke. [73, 74]


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