What is the role of long-term suppressive therapy in the prevention of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections?

Updated: Mar 17, 2020
  • Author: Sean P McGregor, DO, PharmD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Answer

Long-term suppressive therapy for genital herpes has been shown to decrease asymptomatic HSV shedding, and long-term valacyclovir therapy significantly decreased HSV transmission to susceptible partners of individuals who were HSV-2 positive by 50-77%. [75] Acyclovir and famciclovir have been shown to be as effective as valacyclovir for suppression of recurrences. Considerations for placing a patient on long-term suppressive therapy include frequent and/or severe outbreaks, infection in a patient who is immunocompromised, the patient’s sex, the patient’s HSV serostatus, and the reproductive capability of the patient’s partner.

HIV infection of an HSV patient or his or her seronegative partner should also be considered a possible indication for suppression, given the proposed increase in HIV viral load, although HSV suppressive therapy has not been shown to have an effect on HIV-1 viral shedding. [76, 77, 78]


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