What is the role of neurogenic mechanisms in the pathophysiology of nummular dermatitis?

Updated: Aug 16, 2019
  • Author: Jami L Miller, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Answer

One study identified neurogenic contributors to inflammation in both nummular eczema and atopic dermatitis by investigating the association between mast cells and sensory nerves and identifying the distribution of neuropeptides in the epidermis and upper dermis of patients with nummular eczema. Researchers hypothesized that release of histamine and other inflammatory mediators from mast cells may initiate pruritus by interacting with neural C-fibers. The research showed that dermal contacts between mast cells and nerves were increased in number in both lesional and nonlesional samples of nummular eczema compared with normal controls. In addition, substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide fibers were prominently increased in lesional samples compared with nonlesional samples from patients with nummular eczema. These neuropeptides may stimulate release of other cytokines and promote inflammation. [9, 10, 11]


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