What is the prevalence of branchial cleft cyst in the US and which patient groups are at highest risk?

Updated: Oct 30, 2018
  • Author: Chih-Ho Hong, MD, FRCPC; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Answer

The exact incidence of branchial cleft cysts in the US population is unknown. Branchial cleft cysts are the most common congenital cause of a neck mass. An estimated 2-3% of cases are bilateral. A tendency exists for cases to cluster in families. [6]

Race

No ethnic predilection has been reported for branchial cleft cysts.

Sex

No sexual predilection is recognized for branchial cleft cysts.

Age

Branchial cleft cysts are congenital in nature, but they may not present clinically until later in life, usually by early adulthood.


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