What is the prevalence of branchial cleft cyst in the US and which patient groups are at highest risk?

Updated: Jun 02, 2020
  • Author: Chih-Ho Hong, MD, FRCPC; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
  • Print

The exact incidence of branchial cleft cysts in the US population is unknown. [1] Branchial cleft cysts are the most common congenital cause of a neck mass. An estimated 2-3% of cases are bilateral. A tendency exists for cases to cluster in families. [7]


No ethnic predilection has been reported for branchial cleft cysts. [1]


No sexual predilection is recognized for branchial cleft cysts. [1]


Branchial cleft cysts are congenital in nature, but they may not present clinically until later in life, usually by early adulthood.

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!