What are the treatment options for paronychia?

Updated: Oct 09, 2020
  • Author: Elizabeth M Billingsley, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Answer

The treatment of choice depends on the extent of the infection. If diagnosed early, acute paronychia without obvious abscess can be treated nonsurgically. If soft tissue swelling is present without fluctuance, the infection may resolve with warm soaks 3-4 times daily. [1, 3, 4]

Patients with extensive surrounding cellulitis or with a history of diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, or an immunocompromised state may benefit from a short course of antibiotics. An antistaphylococcal penicillin or first-generation cephalosporin is generally effective; clindamycin and amoxicillin-clavulanate are also appropriate. [5, 6]

If an abscess has developed, however, incision and drainage must be performed. Surgical debridement may be required if fulminant infection is present. [39, 40]

Herpetic whitlow and paronychia must be distinguished because the treatments are drastically different. Misdiagnosis and mistreatment may do more harm than good. Once herpetic whitlow is ruled out, one must determine whether the paronychia is acute or chronic and then treat it accordingly. [41]


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