How is nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) prevented?

Updated: May 22, 2018
  • Author: Noah S Scheinfeld, JD, MD, FAAD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Guidelines have vastly decreased the number of cases of NSF. These guidelines include (1) limiting gadolinium-based contrast agents to a maximum dose of 0.1 mmol/kg, (2) dialyzing renally impaired patients undergoing dialysis rapidly following gadolinium-based contrast agents use, (3) delaying gadolinium-based contrast agents in acute renal failure by waiting until renal function improves or dialysis is started, and (4) not using nonionic linear GBCA in patients with renal failure, in particular when proinflammatory conditions are coincident. [72]

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