Which injuries are associated with inferior glenohumeral dislocations?

Updated: Aug 17, 2018
  • Author: Anantha K Mallia, DO, FACEP; Chief Editor: Erik D Schraga, MD  more...
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An estimated 50-60% of patients with luxatio erecta have associated brachial plexus injury. [12] Assessment and documentation of the presence of neurologic deficits should be carried out both before and after reduction. [13] Injury to the axillary artery, including arterial thrombosis, has also been reported. [14]

Rotator cuff tears occur very often with inferior dislocations. [15, 16] Ligamentous and connective tissue injuries include disruption of the glenohumeral ligament, the inferior glenoid capsule, or both.

Associated bony injuries include fractures of the glenoid rim, greater tuberosity, acromion, clavicle, and coracoid process. [2] These injuries can be induced or exacerbated by attempted reduction; however, they more often occur as a result of the dislocation itself.

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