What is the role of hospitalization in the pathophysiology of thrombophlebitis?

Updated: Aug 31, 2020
  • Author: Padma Chitnavis, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Answer

Medically ill patients have a 10% chance of developing a DVT, while hospital-acquired DVTs and PEs occur in 10-33% of all hospitalized patients. Thrombophlebitis in this patient population is promoted by a combination of hypercoagulability and venous stasis. [76] Surgery, trauma, and immobilization also predispose to venous thromboembolism formation. Surgery without anticoagulation is associated with an incidence rate of DVT from 15-64%, while as many as 58% of patients entering trauma units have a DVT. [77, 78]


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