What are the CEAP pathophysiologic classifications of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI)?

Updated: Oct 22, 2018
  • Author: Robert Weiss, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Pathophysiologic classification is as follows:

  • Reflux
  • Obstruction, thrombosis
  • Reflux and obstruction
  • No venous pathophysiology identified in advanced stages

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