What are the CEAP etiologic classifications of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI)?

Updated: Sep 25, 2020
  • Author: Robert Weiss, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Etiologic classification is as follows:

  • Congenital (ie, Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome)
  • Primary
  • Secondary (ie, postthrombotic syndrome, trauma)
  • No venous cause identified

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