What is the basis for selection of surgical intervention in the treatment of venous insufficiency?

Updated: Oct 22, 2018
  • Author: Robert Weiss, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Overall, approximately 8% of patients require surgical intervention for CVI. Different options are suitable for different conditions (see below). Careful monitoring of a patient’s cardiac status and vital signs is extremely important. In addition, periodic monitoring of hemoglobin and hematocrit levels yields essential intraoperative data.

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