What are the limitations of physical exam in the diagnosis of venous insufficiency?

Updated: Sep 25, 2020
  • Author: Robert Weiss, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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The visual appearance of the lower extremities is a useful but not always reliable guide to the peripheral venous condition. [17] Clinical findings in venous disease are also common to many other entities that affect the lower extremities. [18] Physical examination alone is not a reliable means of assessing the venous system. Diagnostic testing nearly always is necessary to rule out deep venous obstruction, to assess the paths of reflux, and to guide treatment planning.

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