Which lifestyle changes are beneficial in the treatment of oral lichen planus (OLP)?

Updated: Sep 15, 2020
  • Author: Jaisri R Thoppay, DDS, MBA, MS; Chief Editor: Jeff Burgess, DDS, MSD  more...
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Advise patients with oral lichen planus (OLP) to do the following:

  • Eliminate smoking and alcohol consumption.

  • Eat a nutritious diet, including fresh fruit and vegetables, because this may help reduce the risk of oral cancer.

  • Pay attention when symptoms are exacerbated or when lesions change.

  • Be aware of the need for regular re-examination and repeat lesion biopsy, especially if clinical changes in the lesion occur.

Although oral lichen planus does not increase the risk of dental caries or gingival disease, painful oral lichen planus lesions (particularly those on the gums) can limit the patient's ability to maintain good oral hygiene. Therefore, advise all patients with oral lichen planus of the appropriate methods of oral hygiene and to see their dentists often.

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