What causes superficial mucoceles?

Updated: Oct 19, 2020
  • Author: Catherine M Flaitz, DDS, MS; Chief Editor: Jeff Burgess, DDS, MSD  more...
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With superficial mucoceles, mucosal inflammation, salivary gland hypofunction, and the salivary composition of the minor glands, rather than trauma, induces these lesions.

Lichen planus, lichenoid drug reaction, and chronic graft versus host disease can trigger the formation of superficial mucoceles. These transient vesicles are also a complication of head and neck radiotherapy for oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. [7]

Tartar-control toothpaste may be the inciting factor in a few cases of superficial mucoceles.

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