Which medications in the drug class Coating agents are used in the treatment of Aphthous Stomatitis?

Updated: Sep 25, 2020
  • Author: Ginat W Mirowski, MD, DMD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Answer

Coating agents

These agents protect and bolster natural mucosal barrier.

Sucralfate (Carafate)

Sucralfate is a sulfate-aluminum complex, which coats ulcer surfaces, forming a physical barrier. In this way, it protects the ulcer surface from irritation. Some studies have reported improvement in symptomology and duration of ulcers, while other studies have found that sucralfate is not effective in the treatment of recurrent aphthous ulcers.

Bismuth subsalicylate (Kaopectate, Kaopectate Extra Strength, Maalox Total Relief)

Bismuth subsalicylate has been used to reduce pain from oral ulcers by protecting raw mucosa. It may also accelerate reepithelialization, although its mechanism of action is largely unknown. Some clinicians advise patients to include bismuth subsalicylate in mouthwash recipes along with other ingredients, such as liquid diphenhydramine.

Bioadherent oral (Gelclair)

This oral bioadherent adheres to the mucosal surface of mouth and forms a protective coating that shields exposed and overstimulated nerve endings. Ingredients include water, maltodextrin, propylene glycol, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), sodium hyaluronate, potassium sorbate, sodium benzoate, hydroxy ethylcellulose, polyethylene glycol (PEG)–40, hydrogenated castor oil, disodium edetate, benzalkonium chloride, flavoring, saccharin sodium, and glycyrrhetinic acid.


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