How is rosacea diagnosed?

Updated: Aug 14, 2018
  • Author: Agnieszka Kupiec Banasikowska, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Answer

The diagnosis of rosacea is made clinically, based on the 2016 global rosacea consensus that one diagnostic or two major phenotypes are required for the diagnosis of rosacea. Skin biopsy may be necessary to exclude other disease states that mimic the clinical presentation of rosacea. For example, the clinician must exclude polycythemia vera, connective-tissue diseases (eg, lupus erythematous, dermatomyositis, mixed connective-tissue disease), photosensitivity, carcinoid syndrome, mastocytosis, long-term application of topical steroids, contact dermatitis, and photosensitivity before making the diagnosis of rosacea.

Rosacea is defined by persistent erythema of the central portion of the face lasting for at least 3 months. Supporting criteria include flushing, papules, pustules, and telangiectasias on the convex surfaces. Secondary characteristics are burning and stinging, edema, plaques, a dry appearance, ocular manifestations, and phymatous changes. The prevalence of these findings designates the subclassification of the presentation and, additionally, the therapeutic options. [7, 8, 9]


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