What are nonpharmacologic treatments for alopecia areata?

Updated: Jun 07, 2018
  • Author: Chantal Bolduc, MD, FRCPC; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Answer

A systematic MEDLINE search could not find any study with sufficient validity to provide scientific evidence of benefit with complementary and alternative medicine therapies for alopecia areata. [66]

A study on hypnosis for refractory alopecia areata did not show efficacy of regrowth, but it did show that hypnosis can improve depression, anxiety, and quality of life in affected patients. [67]

Cosmetic treatments for patients with alopecia areata include dermatography and hairpieces. Dermatography has been used to camouflage the eyebrows of patients with alopecia areata. Follow-up visits at 4 years showed that 30 of 39 of patients demonstrated excellent cosmetic results and 3 had good results. On average, 2-3 sessions lasting 1 hour each were required for each patient. No adverse effects were reported. Hairpieces are useful for patients with extensive disease and allow them to carry on their usual social life. Reassure patients about the natural look provided by hairpieces.


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