What is the significance of a finding of yellow dots on dermoscopy during the evaluation of alopecia areata?

Updated: Jun 07, 2018
  • Author: Chantal Bolduc, MD, FRCPC; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Answer

The presence of yellow dots seems to be a specific feature of alopecia areata and has been reported to be present in 95% of patients, regardless of their disease stages. Following histopathological correlation, these yellow dots represent degenerated follicular keratinocytes and sebum contained within the ostium of hair follicles. Although occasionally seen in advanced male-pattern hair loss, yellow dots are not seen in cases of female-pattern hair loss, scaring alopecia, or telogen effluvium.


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