What is the role of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in the diagnosis of systemic sclerosis (SSc)?

Updated: Mar 17, 2020
  • Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Answer

With bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), abnormal numbers of granulocytes, particularly neutrophils and eosinophils are present in BAL fluid. In addition, the concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor may be low. [41]


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