Which hereditary syndromes are associated with epidermal inclusion cysts (EIC)?

Updated: Sep 17, 2020
  • Author: Linda J Fromm, MD, MA, FAAD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Answer

Certain hereditary syndromes are associated with epidermoid cysts. Such syndromes include Gardner syndrome, [32] basal cell nevus syndrome, [5, 12, 27] and pachyonychia congenita. [33, 34] In addition, idiopathic scrotal calcinosis may actually represent an end stage of dystrophic calcification of epidermoid cysts. Note the image below.

Multiple epidermoid cysts on the forehead of a pat Multiple epidermoid cysts on the forehead of a patient with Gardner syndrome.

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