How is mastocytosis diagnosed?

Updated: Jun 07, 2018
  • Author: Jacquiline Habashy, DO, MSc; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Answer

In many patients, urticaria pigmentosa (UP) can be diagnosed when history and physical examination findings reveal the characteristic lesions that demonstrate the Darier sign. Usually, a skin biopsy is a necessary confirmatory test, typically through a 3- or 4-mm punch biopsy. It may be helpful to complete two biopsies, one of the suspected lesion and the other of unaffected skin, in order to compare the presence of mast cells. For aid in the diagnosis, the following stains are recommended to be completed with biopsy: hematoxylin, eosin, toluidine blue, Giemsa, and monoclonal antibodies to tryptase, CD117 and KIT. [16]


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