Which medications in the drug class Antiviral agents are used in the treatment of Atopic Dermatitis?

Updated: Jun 03, 2020
  • Author: Brian S Kim, MD, MTR, FAAD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Answer

Antiviral agents

Antiviral agents are for the management of herpetic infections and to treat atopic dermatitis in patients who develop chickenpox.

Acyclovir (Zovirax)

Acyclovir inhibits the activity of both HSV-1 and HSV-2. It has affinity for viral thymidine kinase and, once phosphorylated, causes DNA-chain termination when acted on by DNA polymerase. Patients experience less pain and faster resolution of cutaneous lesions when used within 48 hours of rash onset. Acyclovir may prevent recurrent outbreaks. Early initiation of therapy is imperative. The zoster dose is 4 times higher than that for herpes simplex. The duration of therapy varies.


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