What is the role of genetics in the etiology of atopic dermatitis (eczema)?

Updated: Mar 13, 2019
  • Author: Brian S Kim, MD, MTR, FAAD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Answer

Genetics [29, 30]

A family history of atopic dermatitis (AD) is common. The strongest known genetic risk factor for developing AD is the presence of a loss-of-function mutation in filaggrin. More recently, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified susceptibility loci at 11q13.5 in European populations, at 5q22.1 and 1q21.3 in a Chinese Han population, and at 20q13.33 in both Chinese Han and German populations. A recent meta-analysis of GWAS studies in European populations identified SNPs rs479844 near OVOL1, rs2164983 near ACTL9, and rs2897442 in intron 8 of KIF3A. Many of these loci contain genes that encode proteins involved in epidermal proliferation and differentiation or inflammatory cytokines.


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