Which physical findings are characteristic of enuresis?

Updated: Mar 26, 2020
  • Author: Wm Lane M Robson, MA, MD, FRCP, FRCP(Glasg); Chief Editor: Marc Cendron, MD  more...
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Abnormal physical findings are usually absent in children when enuresis is the sole symptom and are not necessarily present in children with overactive bladder or dysfunctional voiding. Abnormal findings may be present in patients with cystitis, constipation, neurogenic bladder, urethral obstruction, ectopic ureter, or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

A spinal defect, such as a dimple, hair tuft, or skin discoloration, might be visible in approximately 50% of patients with an intraspinal lesion. Dimples above the cleft are especially suspicious.

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