What causes vasculitis?

Updated: Dec 10, 2018
  • Author: Nadia Jennifer Chiara Luca, MD; Chief Editor: Lawrence K Jung, MD  more...
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Answer

Infectious causes include the following:

Systemic rheumatic disease causes include the following:

Inflammatory bowel disease is a cause.

Lemierre syndrome is an anaerobic suppurative thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein and is most commonly a complication of pharyngeal, dental, or mastoidal infection.

Hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis is also a cause.

Malignancy causes include the following:

  • Leukemia

  • Lymphoma

  • Bronchopulmonary blastoma, angioblastoma (both rare)

Hypersensitivity vasculitis (leukocytoclastic vasculitis) and drug-induced ANCA vasculitis (propylthiouracil, hydralazine) are also both noted.


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