What are the prognostic factors of a worse outcome for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)?

Updated: Jul 25, 2019
  • Author: David D Sherry, MD; Chief Editor: Lawrence K Jung, MD  more...
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Early hip or wrist involvement, symmetrical disease, the presence of RF, and prolonged active systemic disease have been associated with poor long-term outcomes. Compared with adults with RF-positive rheumatoid arthritis, however, children are at less risk for rheumatoid lung involvement and vasculitis. The anti – cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (CCP) antibodies test may be more specific than the RF test, but it is not as well studied in children.

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