What is pectus excavatum?

Updated: Oct 30, 2018
  • Author: Andre Hebra, MD; Chief Editor: Girish D Sharma, MD, FCCP, FAAP  more...
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Answer

Pectus excavatum, also known as sunken or funnel chest, is a congenital chest wall deformity in which several ribs and the sternum grow abnormally, producing a concave, or caved-in, appearance in the anterior chest wall. The image below illustrates the typical appearance of this deformity in a 16-year-old boy.

A 16-year-old boy with severe pectus excavatum. No A 16-year-old boy with severe pectus excavatum. Note the appearance of the caved-in sternum and lower ribs.

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