Which disorders are associated with childhood obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)?

Updated: Feb 13, 2019
  • Author: Mary E Cataletto, MD; Chief Editor: Denise Serebrisky, MD  more...
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Answer

Disorders associated with childhood obstructive sleep apnea include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Adenotonsillar hypertrophy, which is the most common cause of obstructive sleep apnea in children (however, the size of the tonsils and adenoids alone does not predict the presence or severity of obstructive sleep apnea)

  • Chronic nasal obstruction, including choanal stenosis, severe septal deviation, allergic rhinitis, nasal polyps, and rare nasal and/or pharyngeal tumors

  • Down syndrome

  • Pierre Robin anomaly

  • Treacher Collins syndrome

  • Klippel-Feil syndrome

  • Morbid obesity

  • Mucopolysaccharidoses

  • Conditions involving neuromuscular weakness, including Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Werdnig-Hoffman disease, late-onset spinal muscular atrophy, Guillain Barré syndrome, myotonic dystrophy, and myotubular myopathy

  • Chiari malformation

  • Cerebral palsy

  • Hallermann-Streiff syndrome

  • Osteopetrosis

  • Oropharyngeal papillomatosis


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