What is included in patient education about pneumomediastinum (PM)?

Updated: Feb 26, 2019
  • Author: Patrick L Carolan, MD; Chief Editor: Girish D Sharma, MD, FCCP, FAAP  more...
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Advise the patient to avoid high-risk activities. Instructions include the following:

  • Avoid strenuous athletic activities, particularly those involving Valsalva maneuvers such as weight lifting.

  • Avoid playing woodwind instruments.

  • Avoid barotrauma from activities such as flying, parachuting, or scuba diving.

  • Maintain good asthma control. Ensure that influenza and pertussis vaccinations are current.

  • Avoid smoking and inhalation of illicit drugs.

For patient education resources, see the Lung and Airway Center, as well as Emphysema and Chest Pain.

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