Which physical activities should be avoided following treatment for pneumomediastinum (PM)?

Updated: Feb 26, 2019
  • Author: Patrick L Carolan, MD; Chief Editor: Girish D Sharma, MD, FCCP, FAAP  more...
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Physical activities associated with the development of pneumomediastinum (eg, weight lifting, scuba diving, playing wind instruments) should be minimized. Indeed, extrapolating from the data relating to air leaks and scuba diving, a history of pneumomediastinum should be considered an absolute contraindication to diving. The authors suggest abstaining from other activities listed above for a minimum period of 6 months. If pneumomediastinum recurs, avoidance of these activities permanently would be advisable.

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