What is the role of mediastinal drainage tubes in the treatment of pneumomediastinum (PM)?

Updated: Feb 26, 2019
  • Author: Patrick L Carolan, MD; Chief Editor: Girish D Sharma, MD, FCCP, FAAP  more...
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Answer

Percutaneous placement of mediastinal drainage tubes has been reported. Chau et al describe percutaneous decompression of tension pneumomediastinum under fluoroscopic guidance using a drainage catheter and Heimlich valve in a 2-year-old girl with dermatomyositis and lung involvement. [43] CT-guided placement may also be considered.


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