What is the role of surgery in the treatment of pneumomediastinum (PM)?

Updated: Feb 26, 2019
  • Author: Patrick L Carolan, MD; Chief Editor: Girish D Sharma, MD, FCCP, FAAP  more...
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Answer

Surgical intervention has rarely been described in pneumomediastinum. Its use is reserved for pneumomediastinum leading to marked cardiorespiratory compromise or circumstances of defined esophageal or tracheal tear. However, Cunningham et al (2013) present case outcomes in 2 pediatric patients with tracheal injury managed conservatively, suggesting that this may be a treatment option in some cases. [42]


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