What are potential complications of cystic fibrosis (CF)?

Updated: Jun 26, 2019
  • Author: Girish D Sharma, MD, FCCP, FAAP; Chief Editor: Kenan Haver, MD  more...
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Answer

The following are potential complications of cystic fibrosis:

  • Nasal polyps

  • Chronic and persistent sinusitis with complications such as mucopyocele formation

  • Bronchiectasis

  • Atelectasis

  • Pneumothorax

  • Hemoptysis

  • Hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy

  • Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA)

  • Gastroesophageal reflux

  • Pulmonary hypertension

  • Cor pulmonale

  • End-stage lung disease

  • Pancreatitis

  • Cystic fibrosis–related diabetes mellitus

  • Meconium ileus

  • Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome

  • Rectal prolapse

  • Vitamin deficiency (especially fat-soluble vitamins)

  • Fatty liver

  • Focal biliary cirrhosis

  • Portal hypertension

  • Liver failure

  • Cholecystitis and cholelithiasis

  • Rickets

  • Osteoporosis


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