(ISSN: 1356-5524, 1473-6810)
Table of Contents
2016 - 21 (1)
- Surgery and physical therapy likely yield similar outcomes in spinal stenosis.
- Dextromethorphan and quinidine are suitable for off-label short-term treatment of agitation in people with Alzheimer's disease following first-line non-drug approaches.
- High-dose vitamin D supplementation does not alter bone mass or muscle function over 1���year in postmenopausal women.
- Initiating antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients with >500 CD4 cells/��L provides more benefit than delaying treatment.
- Mechanical bowel preps improve surgical outcomes in colorectal surgery.
- Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy appears better than delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for patients with acute cholecystitis.
- The effectiveness of a single dose of oral ibuprofen plus caffeine in acute postoperative pain in adults.
- Elective colectomy for severe ulcerative colitis may reduce mortality more than medical therapy.
- Improving reporting and utility of evaluations of complex interventions.
- ACE inhibitors in African Americans with hypertension associated with worse outcomes as compared to other antihypertensives.
- The risk of arterial thrombosis increases with the use of combined oral contraceptives.
- Observational studies are compatible with an association between saturated and trans fats and cardiovascular disease.
- Annual volume of very low-birth-weight infant deliveries appears to be more important than level of neonatal intensive care unit for optimising perinatal care.
- A single cervical length measurement at 18-24���weeks is a better predictor of preterm birth than the change in cervical length with gestation.
- Tamsulosin and nifedipine did not improve stone passage over placebo nor were they cost-effective in ureteric stone disease.
- Supplemental oxygen in patients without hypoxia in ST segment elevation myocardial infarction increases myocardial injury and infarct size.
- Cervical arthroplasty compares favourably to ACDF at half-decade follow-up.
- The addition of abdomen and pelvis CT to limited cancer screening does not increase diagnosis of cancer in patients with unprovoked venous thromboembolism.
- Thessaly test is no more accurate than standard clinical tests for meniscal tears.
- Blood glucose monitoring had no impact on distress or self-efficacy in people with non-insulin-treated type 2 diabetes.
- Sugar sweetened beverages are associated with greater incidence of diabetes but there is a paucity of evidence on healthfulness of artificially-sweetened beverages and fruit juices.
- No differences between operative and non-operative treatments of proximal humerus fractures.
- Structured diet and physical activity programmes provide strong evidence of effectiveness for type 2 diabetes prevention and improvement of cardiometabolic health.
- Longer dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention has higher anti-ischaemic efficacy than shorter DAPT but is associated with more frequent bleeding.
- Low to moderate quality evidence demonstrates the potential benefits and adverse events of cannabinoids for certain medical indications.
- A higher overall diet quality is inversely associated with the risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in men and women.
- Elucidating the use of enoxaparin in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS).
- NSAIDs or paracetamol for short-term treatment of mild to moderate knee pain in early osteoarthritis: are they equivalent?