Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)

(ISSN: 1469-493X)

Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)'s Latest Table of Contents

2016 - 2

  • No implementation without evaluation: the case of mesh in vaginal prolapse surgery. 
  • Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drugs for treatment of retinopathy of prematurity. 
  • WITHDRAWN: Psychological interventions to improve adherence to oral hygiene instructions in adults with periodontal diseases. 
  • Strategies designed to help healthcare professionals to recruit participants to research studies. 
  • Antibiotics for preventing suppurative complications from undifferentiated acute respiratory infections in children under five years of age. 
  • Oral iron supplements for children in malaria-endemic areas. 
  • Interventions for treating bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ). 
  • Imaging modalities for the non-invasive diagnosis of endometriosis. 
  • Topical treatments for scalp psoriasis. 
  • Assisted reproductive technologies for male subfertility. 
  • Calcium channel blockers for primary Raynaud's phenomenon. 
  • WITHDRAWN: Psychological treatments for epilepsy. 
  • Sexual counselling for sexual problems in patients with cardiovascular disease. 
  • WITHDRAWN: Functional capacity evaluations for the prevention of occupational re-injuries in injured workers. 
  • Neuraminidase inhibitors for the treatment of influenza infection in people with cystic fibrosis. 
  • Physiotherapy for pain and disability in adults with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) types I and II. 
  • Over the counter (OTC) artificial tear drops for dry eye syndrome. 
  • Yttrium-90 microsphere radioembolisation for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. 
  • Pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (pp Whipple) versus pancreaticoduodenectomy (classic Whipple) for surgical treatment of periampullary and pancreatic carcinoma. 
  • Biphasic versus monophasic waveforms for transthoracic defibrillation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. 
  • High flow nasal cannula for respiratory support in preterm infants. 
  • Anaesthesia for hip fracture surgery in adults. 
  • Very early discharge versus early discharge versus non-early discharge in children with cancer and febrile neutropenia. 
  • Laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) versus photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for correction of myopia. 
  • Paravertebral block versus thoracic epidural for patients undergoing thoracotomy. 
  • Medication review in hospitalised patients to reduce morbidity and mortality. 
  • The use of ultrasound guidance for perioperative neuraxial and peripheral nerve blocks in children. 
  • Intra-uterine insemination for unexplained subfertility. 
  • Pharmacological interventions for generalised itching (not caused by systemic disease or skin lesions) in pregnancy. 
  • Radioiodine therapy versus antithyroid medications for Graves' disease. 
  • Oral aspirin for treating venous leg ulcers. 
  • Perioperative dexmedetomidine for acute pain after abdominal surgery in adults. 
  • Lidocaine for reducing propofol-induced pain on induction of anaesthesia in adults. 
  • Supplementation with multiple micronutrients for breastfeeding women for improving outcomes for the mother and baby. 
  • Hospital at home: home-based end-of-life care. 
  • Antibiotic use for irreversible pulpitis. 
  • Rehabilitation following carpal tunnel release. 
  • Conjugate Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccines for sickle cell disease. 
  • Granulocyte and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factors for newly diagnosed patients with myelodysplastic syndromes. 
  • Folate supplementation in people with sickle cell disease. 
  • Open retropubic colposuspension for urinary incontinence in women. 
  • Hypothermia for neuroprotection in adults after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. 
  • Fibrin sealants for the prevention of postoperative pancreatic fistula following pancreatic surgery. 
  • Transcutaneous carbon dioxide monitoring for the prevention of neonatal morbidity and mortality. 
  • Pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for reducing rocuronium bromide induced pain on injection in children and adults. 
  • Specific allergen immunotherapy for the treatment of atopic eczema. 
  • Peripheral iridotomy for pigmentary glaucoma. 
  • Piracetam for reducing the incidence of painful sickle cell disease crises. 
  • Irinotecan chemotherapy combined with fluoropyrimidines versus irinotecan alone for overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with advanced and/or metastatic colorectal cancer. 
  • WITHDRAWN: Inhaled bronchodilators for cystic fibrosis. 
  • Skin grafting and tissue replacement for treating foot ulcers in people with diabetes. 
  • End-of-life care pathways for improving outcomes in caring for the dying. 
  • Interventions to optimise prescribing for older people in care homes. 
  • Corticosteroid implants for chronic non-infectious uveitis. 
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for chronic low back pain. 
  • Motor control exercise for acute non-specific low back pain. 
  • Interventions for dysphagia in long-term, progressive muscle disease. 
  • Ketogenic diet and other dietary treatments for epilepsy. 
  • Antithrombin III for critically ill patients. 
  • Transvaginal mesh or grafts compared with native tissue repair for vaginal prolapse. 
  • Aflibercept for neovascular age-related macular degeneration. 
  • Glutamine for induction of remission in Crohn's disease. 
  • Periodontal therapy as adjunctive treatment for gastric Helicobacter pylori infection. 
  • Exercise therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome. 
  • Antioxidant treatments for schizophrenia. 
  • Transperitoneal versus retroperitoneal approach for elective open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. 
  • Enzyme replacement therapy with idursulfase for mucopolysaccharidosis type II (Hunter syndrome). 
  • The role of iron in the management of chemotherapy-induced anemia in cancer patients receiving erythropoiesis-stimulating agents. 
  • Amphetamines for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents. 
  • Care delivery and self management strategies for adults with epilepsy. 
  • Legislative smoking bans for reducing harms from secondhand smoke exposure, smoking prevalence and tobacco consumption. 
  • Meditation for adults with haematological malignancies. 
  • Interventions for preventing unintended pregnancies among adolescents. 
  • Duodenum-preserving pancreatic resection versus pancreaticoduodenectomy for chronic pancreatitis. 
  • Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy versus percutaneous radiological gastrostomy for swallowing disturbances. 
  • Pregabalin for decreasing pancreatic pain in chronic pancreatitis. 
  • Antiemetic medication for prevention and treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in childhood. 
  • Chest physiotherapy for acute bronchiolitis in paediatric patients between 0 and 24 months old. 
  • Interventions for sexual dysfunction following treatments for cancer in women. 
  • Enhanced recovery protocols for major upper gastrointestinal, liver and pancreatic surgery. 
  • Pharmacological treatment for Buerger's disease. 
  • Frequency of dressing changes for central venous access devices on catheter-related infections. 
 
 
 
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